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An Article V Convention of States is one of two methods of amending the U.S. Constitution. [1] In order for Congress to call a convention, two thirds (or 34) of the state legislatures need to file a resolution to amend the Constitution on a specific topic to Congress.[2] Once Congress has called the convention, delegates from each state will debate on topical potential amendments.[2] [3] Once amendments have passed the convention, they must be approved by three quarters (or 38) of the state legislatures. [3]

Text of Article V[]

The U.S. Constitution in Article V states:

The Congress, whenever two thirds of both houses shall deem it necessary, shall propose amendments to this Constitution, or, on the application of the legislatures of two thirds of the several states, shall call a convention for proposing amendments, which, in either case, shall be valid to all intents and purposes, as part of this Constitution, when ratified by the legislatures of three fourths of the several states, or by conventions in three fourths thereof, as the one or the other mode of ratification may be proposed by the Congress; provided that no amendment which may be made prior to the year one thousand eight hundred and eight shall in any manner affect the first and fourth clauses in the ninth section of the first article; and that no state, without its consent, shall be deprived of its equal suffrage in the Senate. [1]

History of Article V Conventions[]

Over the years, 49 of the 50 states (all but Hawaii) have filed resolutions with Congress to call for a Convention of States. None have ever taken place. Below are a listed of the filed resolutions, the date, topic, and recension (if applicable) or number of the amendment if it has become part of the Constitution.

*THE BELOW LIST IS NOT COMPLETE*

Alabama[]

  • 1833 - Limit on Tariffs [4]
  • 1943 - Income Tax, Limit 1 [5][6]
  • 1957 - Judicial Term Limits [7]
  • 1959 - Limited Federal Preemption [8]
  • 1963 - Supreme Court Review, Court of Union [9]
  • 1966 - Apportionment of Legislature II [10]
  • 1967 - Revenue Sharing, Other [11]
  • 1975 - Balanced Federal Budget [12] rescinded in 1989[13]
  • 1980 - Right to Life [14]
  • 2011 - Balanced Federal Budget[15]
  • 2015 - Limiting the Power of the Federal Government (COS Project Resolution)[16]
  • 2018 - Term Limits on Congress[17]

Alaska[]

Arizona[]

Arkansas[]

California[]

Colorado[]

Connecticut[]

Delaware[]

Florida[]

Georgia[]

Idaho[]

Illinois[]

Indiana[]

Iowa[]

Kansas[]

Kentucky[]

Louisiana[]

Maine[]

Maryland[]

Massachusetts[]

Michigan[]

Minnesota[]

Mississippi[]

Missouri[]

Montana[]

Nebraska[]

Nevada[]

New Hampshire[]

New Jersey[]

New Mexico[]

New York[]

North Carolina[]

North Dakota[]

Ohio[]

Oklahoma[]

Oregon[]

Pennsylvania[]

Rhode Island[]

South Carolina[]

South Dakota[]

Tennessee[]

Texas[]

Utah[]

Vermont[]

Virginia[]

  • 1788 - Bill of Rights (Amendments 1-10)[32]

Washington[]

West Virginia[]

Wisconsin[]

Wyoming[]

References[]

  1. 1.0 1.1 https://www.archives.gov/federal-register/constitution/article-v.html
  2. 2.0 2.1 https://d3n8a8pro7vhmx.cloudfront.net/conventionofstates/pages/263/attachments/original/1449694191/Article_22-ArticleVProcess-Web.pdf?1449694191
  3. 3.0 3.1 http://www.ncsl.org/documents/summit/summit2013/online-resources/SenDavidLong.pdf
  4. http://memory.loc.gov/cgi-bin/ampage?collId=llhj&fileName=026/llhj026.db&recNum=360
  5. http://foa5c.org/file.php/1/Amendments/089_cg_r_07523_1943_HL.JPG
  6. http://foa5c.org/01page/Amendments/089_cg_r_07524_1943_HL.JPG
  7. http://foa5c.org/file.php/1/Amendments/103_cg_r_10863_1957_HL.JPG
  8. http://foa5c.org/file.php/1/Amendments/105_cg_r_03083_1959_HL.JPG
  9. http://foa5c.org/file.php/1/Amendments/109_cg_r_05250_1963_HL.JPG
  10. http://foa5c.org/file.php/1/Amendments/112_cg_r_00200_1966_HL.JPG
  11. http://foa5c.org/01page/Amendments/113_cg_r_10117_1967_HL.JPG
  12. http://foa5c.org/file.php/1/Amendments/CR%20121%20%20%20Pg%2028347%20%20Yr%201975-AL-Balanced%20Budget_HL.JPG
  13. http://foa5c.org/file.php/1/Amendments/CR%20135%20%20%20Pg%2020052%20%20Yr%201989-AL-Balanced%20Budget_HL.JPG
  14. http://foa5c.org/file.php/1/Amendments/CR%20126%20%20%20Pg%2010650%20%20Yr%201980-AL-Right%20to%20Life_HL.JPG
  15. http://foa5c.org/01page/Amendments/CRS_S3666_Yr_2014_AL.jpg
  16. http://foa5c.org/01page/Amendments/CRS_S8601_Yr_2015_AL.jpg
  17. https://www.congress.gov/crec/2018/06/12/CREC-2018-06-12-pt1-PgS3759-5.pdf
  18. http://foa5c.org/file.php/1/Amendments/CR%20128%20%20%20Pg%2000798%20%20Yr%201982-AK-Balanced%20Budget_HL.JPG
  19. http://foa5c.org/01page/Amendments/CRS_S6021_Yr_2014_AK_app.jpg
  20. http://www.foa5c.org/01page/Amendments/CRS_S703_Yr_2018.jpg
  21. http://www.arkleg.state.ar.us/assembly/2019/2019R/Bills/SJR3.pdf
  22. http://foa5c.org/01page/Amendments/CRS_S4332_Yr_2014_GA_FL_apps.jpg
  23. http://foa5c.org/01page/Amendments/CRS_S4332_Yr_2014_GA_FL_apps.jpg
  24. https://www.gpo.gov/fdsys/pkg/CREC-2016-12-01/pdf/CREC-2016-12-01-pt1-PgS6663.pdf
  25. https://www.legis.la.gov/legis/ViewDocument.aspx?d=1006951
  26. https://www.congress.gov/crec/2017/06/08/CREC-2017-06-08-pt1-PgS3361.pdf
  27. http://www.foa5c.org/01page/Amendments/CRS_S2527_Yr_2017.jpg
  28. 28.0 28.1 http://www.foa5c.org/01page/Amendments/CRS_S6354_Yr_2016.jpg
  29. 29.0 29.1 http://www.foa5c.org/01page/Amendments/CRS_S6355_Yr_2016.jpg
  30. https://www.gpo.gov/fdsys/pkg/CREC-2017-10-18/pdf/CREC-2017-10-18-pt1-PgS6534.pdf
  31. https://www.gpo.gov/fdsys/pkg/CREC-2017-07-18/pdf/CREC-2017-07-18-pt1-PgS4054.pdf#page=3
  32. http://memory.loc.gov/cgi-bin/ampage?collId=llac&fileName=001/llac001.db&recNum=130
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